ELEPHANT (Loxodonta Africana)
Elephants are the big gentle giants of Africa. One, and probably the most famous animal, of the Big 5
Mature bulls can weigh up to 6 200 kg. The big ears of these animals help to cool down the body. They also use their ears to intimidate someone of something by waving these huge ears.
The shoulder height can reach up to 3 m high and these huge animals can run up to 40 km/h when they charge.
Males have big tusks. Females also have tusks but much smaller and thinner.
The Afrikaans name for them is Olifant, in Venda Ndou and in Shona Nzou.
Elephants are commonly found in small herds, with females and calves and one dominant bull. Big herds have also been noticed.
Elephants need water daily and cannot live without it like some other animals. They eat mostly trees and are not very picky.
Calves weigh up to 120 kg and stand about 120 cm tall with birth after a gestation period of 22 months. Twins have been noticed but it are very rare.
The actual track on the hind foot can be 65 cm long.